Wine is a beverage fermented from fruits and especially from grapes. Wines made from grapes are popular around the world. Therefore, the process of harvesting the grapes that make up the famous wine brand is also a rigorous process.
It depends on the grape variety, region, and type of wine the winemaker wants to produce. The exact steps in the harvesting process will vary in time, technique and technology. But almost every wine harvest includes the following basic winemaking steps:
1. Choose grapes
Most vineyards will start with white grapes and then move on to red varieties. Grapes are collected in barrels or lugs and then transported to the crusher. This is where the process turns grapes into juice and then into wine.
Grape harvesting is one of the most important processes for grape producers. In many countries, the day of the harvest is so great that producers hold festivals to celebrate the big event.
Manual Harvest: Grapes are cut from human hands. They use scissors or take out the grapes by machine.
At this point in the process, the grapes are still stemmed with some leaves from the vineyard. All will be removed in the next step.
Night Harvest vs Day Harvest: Grapes are picked during the day or at night to maximize efficiency. Reduce the effects of heat and harvest grapes for stable sugar levels. At this point in the process, the grapes are still intact with twigs with some leaves from the vineyard. All will be removed in the next step.
2. Grape crushing
Regardless of how or when the grapes are picked, they are crushed in the next step. The winemaker removes the stem from the cluster and mashes the grapes.
White wine: After being crushed, the white grapes are transferred to the press. This is a wine production equipment.
All grapes are pressed to extract the juice and leave the grape skins. The purified juice is then transferred to the storage tank to settle the sediment to the bottom of the tank.
After a period of settling, juice is supplied, which means it is filtered out of the clarifier. Filter into another tank to make sure all the residue is gone before fermentation begins.
Red Wine: Red wine grapes are also often lightly crushed. The difference is that these grapes are crushed along with their skins. Put them in the barrel to start fermenting with their shells.
3.Fermenting grapes into wine
Simply put, fermentation is where sugar turns into alcohol. There are many techniques and technologies used in this process with different grapes. To keep things simple, this phase mainly consists of:
Red and white wines: yeast is added to the barrel so that fermentation can take place.
Red wine: carbon dioxide released during fermentation causes the grape skins to rise to the surface. Winemakers have to pump through the cap several times a day to keep the skin in contact with the juice.
Red wine: grapes are pressed after fermentation is complete. After extraction to clarify the flavors of the wine, the red grape juices will undergo several months of aging in barrels.
4. Wine age
Winemakers have a lot of choices in this step depending on the type of wine one wants to make. Flavors in wine become more intense due to some of the following winemaking options:
Aging in years versus months-Storing in stainless steel versus oak-Aging in new versus neutral oak or used casks-Using American oak casks versus French oak casks-Aging in different levels of baking barrels
The wine is aged after bottling. 99% of wine should be consumed within three years of bottling, despite the common belief that all wines should be stored for a long time. To enhance flavor, the wine is exposed to air during ripening.
Before reaching the bottle, the wine is often mixed with other wines to ensure consistency. This action is not always taken. By blending batches of wine together, winemakers can create flavors, aromas, or textures in the same way that consumers are used to seeing or tasting in a given wine.
The next stage, bottling, is now ready to go. You probably know that wine is usually bottled using a bottling machine. The wine is then brought back to the Apple Barn for sale after we put a label on the bottle. Wine making is a process.
Check out the wonderful video below to witness Amazing G Harvesting and Processing G Juice – Modern Agricultural Harvesting Machines.
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