Isʀᴀᴇʟ’s agricultural miracle sʜᴏᴄᴋed even the world.

Agriculture is a well-developed industry in Is. Despite the fact that its geography is not favorable to agriculture, the country is a significant exporter of fresh vegetables and a world leader in agricultural technology. More than half of the land is desert, and the climate and lack of water resources make farming difficult. Only 20% of the land area is naturally arable. In 2008, agriculture contributed 2.5 percent to the overall GDP and 3.6 percent to exports. Despite the fact that farmworkers made up only 3.7 percent of the workforce, Is generated 95 percent of its own food, with grain, oilseeds, coffee, cocoa, and sugar imported to supplement. As Jews from all over the world made aliyah to Isʀᴀᴇʟ and settled in the country’s rural areas, the kibbutz and moshav, two unique types of agricultural communities, formed.

The majority of Is agriculture is built on early twentieth-century cooperative ideals. The kibbutz, a communal community in which the means of production are communally owned and each member’s work benefits all, and the moshav, a farming village in which each family maintains its own household and works its own land while purchasing and marketing are conducted cooperatively, are two distinct types of agricultural settlements.
Both communities provided a way to not only realize the pioneers’ dream of having rural communities based on social equality, cooperation, and mutual aid but also to gain agricultural output in a productive way. Today, kibbutzim and moshavim produce 76 percent of the country’s fresh produce, as well as many processed food products.

Is a global pioneer in agricultural research and development, with remarkable advances in the quantity and quality of the country’s crops as a result. The drive to increase yields and crop quality has led to the innovations such as a soil conditioner substance which, when mixed with local soil, boosts crop yields, and drip irrigation.
Organic produce accounts for only 1% of Isi’s agricultural output, yet it accounts for 13% of agricultural exports. It has 7,000 hectares (70,000 dunams) of organic fields: 65 percent of the land is used for vegetable crops grown in open fields, 25 percent for fruit orchards, 6 percent for hothouse vegetables, and 4 percent for herbs.

Farm surpluses have almost been eradicated in the country, with farms having production and water quotas for each crop, which has stabilized prices. Milk, eggs, poultry, and potatoes all have production quotas. Its government also tries to reduce agricultural costs by encouraging specialized farming and halting the production of crops for which there are no sufficiently profitable markets. The Ministry of Agriculture is in charge of the country’s agricultural sector, including plant and animal health standards, agricultural planning, and research and marketing.

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