When using thorough and consistent hauling techniques, transporting a compact excavator from one job site to another entails several steps that should not be overlooked. Sound hauling practices, such as using the right-sized transport and towing vehicles and properly loading, positioning, and securing equipment, will help you minimize loading challenges that can stymie your productivity.
The first step in moving your small excavator is to ensure that the transport and towing vehicles are suitably matched to the equipment. According to Archbold, it’s critical to make sure the transport and towing vehicles are the right size and capacity for the weight of the machine and attachments being transported. Trailers are one of the most popular and efficient ways to transport excavators and attachments. Some minor pieces of equipment can be moved on a 10,000-pound trailer, but larger items may require a 20,000- to 30,000-pound trailer or more. You’ll most certainly need a larger trailer with a higher weight rating to move an excavator and a few accessories.
Consistency is required while loading excavators onto trailers to ensure that critical actions are not overlooked. Follow Archbold’s loading instructions to the letter: When loading or unloading a compact excavator, block or support the rear of the trailer to keep the front end from rising. Before loading the compact excavator, make sure the undercarriage is free of mud, sand, and other debris. When loading or unloading a compact excavator on a trailer, always turn off the auto-idle feature (if available). When loading the compact excavator onto the trailer, travel up the ramp with the heaviest end up. Because it is likely attached to an attachment, the excavator will be heavier in the front.
The third step in the transportation process is also crucial, and it is best completed in a systematic manner to ensure that each measure is completed. Lower the boom, arm, bucket, and blade to the trailer floor, stop the engine and engage the parking brake after the compact excavator is on the trailer. Install chains at the front and rear tie-down positions as indicated by your operation and maintenance manual once a machine has been properly positioned. Multiple tie-down points are provided by some manufacturers, making it easier to trailer the equipment. Finally, use the manual’s recommended practices to secure the chains and binders. It’s especially important to secure excavators with attachments if you’re hauling multiple items to jobsites on a single trailer.
In the video below, you can see the process of disassembling and transporting the massive Caterpillar 6015B – Sotiriadis Mining Works.
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Video resource: SoCalEarthMovers